By Jonathan Lyons

Benjamin Franklin and his contemporaries introduced the Enlightenment to America--an highbrow revolution that laid the root for the political person who undefined. With the "first Drudgery" of settling the yankee colonies now good and actually previous, Franklin introduced in 1743, it was once excessive time that the colonists set approximately bettering the lot of humankind via collaborative inquiry. From Franklin's notion emerged the yankee Philosophical Society, an organization hosted in Philadelphia and devoted to the harnessing of man's highbrow and artistic powers for the typical sturdy. The animus at the back of the Society was once and is a disarmingly easy one-that the worth of information is at once proportional to its application. this easy notion has left a profound mark on American society and tradition and at the very notion of the United States itself-and via the US, at the international as a whole.

From celebrated historian of data Jonathan Lyons comes The Society for important Knowledge, telling the tale of America's coming-of-age via its historical love affair with useful invention, utilized technology, and self-reliance. providing clean, unique snap shots of figures like Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Rush, and the inimitable, ceaselessly artistic Franklin, Lyons offers us important new point of view at the American founding. He illustrates how the flow for worthy wisdom is essential to figuring out the move of yankee society and tradition from colonial occasions to our electronic present.

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15 Hofstadter, the USA at 1750, 217, 265; Thomas Harrison Montgomery, A heritage of the college of Pennsylvania: From Its starting place to A. D. 1770 (Philadelphia: George W. Jacobs, 1900), a hundred and ten. sixteen ABF, 145–46. 17 BF to Josiah and Abiah Franklin, April thirteen, 1738. 18 ABF, 146. 19 ABF, 147. 20 BF to unnamed recipient, December thirteen, 1757. 21 BF, terrible Richard more desirable, 1751, PBF, four: ninety six. 22 J. A. Leo Lemay, The lifetime of Benjamin Franklin, quantity 2: Printer and writer, 1730–1747 (Philadelphia: college of Pennsylvania Press, 2006), 420. 23 ABF, a hundred seventy five, one hundred eighty. 24 ABF, 177. 25 Hofstadter, 271–72. 26 Jonathan Edwards, “Thoughts at the Revival,” within the Works of Jonathan Edwards (London: William Ball, 1839), 1: 391. 27 BF, “Paper at the Academy,” July 31, 1750, on hand at http://www. information. upenn. edu/histy/features/1700s/bfacadpaper1750. html. final accessed November 29, 2012. 28 ABF, 176. 29 Cheyney, 22–24. 30 ABF, 195. 31 BF, Observations Relative to the Intentions of the unique Founders of the Academy in Philadelphia, WBF, 12: eighty five. 32 vast biographies of the founding trustees are available in Montgomery, 53–108. 33 Samuel Johnson to BF, November 1750. 34 Quoted in Montgomery, 134–35. 35 Cheyney, 30; Montgomery, 138. 36 Edward M. Griffin, “Introduction,” in William Smith, A common concept of the school of Mirania [1753] (New York: Johnson Reprint, 1969), vi–vii. 37 Smith, eleven, 10. 38 Ibid. , 14–15. 39 Ibid. , 15–16. forty Montgomery, 234–35. forty-one Cheyney, eighty three. forty two William Smith, “Account of the varsity, Academy and Charitable tuition of Philadelphia, in Pennsylvania,” within the Works of William Smith (Philadelphia: Maxwell & Fry, 1803), 1: 242. forty three Smith, “Sermon XVII,” in Works, 2: 343. forty four Quoted in Montgomery, 288. forty five Cheyney, eighty two. forty six BF to Ebenezer Kinnersley, July 28, 1759. forty seven BF, Observations Relative to the Intentions, WBF, 12: seventy five. forty eight Ibid. , one hundred and one. forty nine Cheyney, 173–75; Montgomery, 255–58. 50 7 U. S. C. § 304, to be had at http://www. legislations. cornell. edu/uscode/text/7/304. final accessed November 27, 2012. fifty one Rush, A Memorial, 14. fifty two Alyn Brodsky, Benjamin Rush: Patriot and health practitioner (New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2004), 19–20. fifty three Benjamin Rush, The Autobiography of Benjamin Rush (Princeton, NJ: Princeton collage Press, 1948), 36. fifty four Rush, A Memorial, 24. fifty five Ibid. , 36, 39–41. fifty six Ibid. , 26. fifty seven Lyman H. Butterfield, “Benjamin Rush as a Promoter of precious Knowledge,” court cases of the yank Philosophical Society ninety two (1): 33. fifty eight David Ramsay, The heritage of the yankee Revolution (Philadelphia: R. Aitken, 1789), 2: 316. fifty nine Harvey J. Kaye, Thomas Paine and the Promise of the USA (New York: Hill and Wang, 2005), forty three; Howard Zinn, A People’s background of the us (New York: HarperCollins, 1980), sixty nine. 60 Anthony J. Di Lorenzo, “Dissenting Protestantism as a Language of Revolution in Thomas Paine’s universal Sense,” Eighteenth-Century suggestion four (4): 236, 250–79. sixty one Alfred Owen Aldridge, “Thomas Paine and the Classics,” Eighteenth-Century stories 1 (4): 375–76. sixty two Thomas Paine, The Age of cause: Being an research into actual impressive Theology (Boston: Josiah Mendum, 1852), forty three.

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