By Carol A. Newsom
This quantity investigates severe practices through which the Qumran group constituted itself as a sectarian society. Key to the formation of the neighborhood was once the reconstruction of the identification of person individuals. during this means the "self" grew to become a massive symbolic house for the advance of the ideology of the sect. folks who got here to event themselves in gentle of the narratives and symbolic constructions embedded locally practices may have constructed the tendencies of affinity and estrangement priceless for the structure of a sectarian society. Drawing on numerous theories of discourse and perform in rhetoric, philosophy, and anthropology, the e-book examines the development of the self in vital records: the Serek ha-Yahad and the Hodayot.
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Extra info for The Self as Symbolic Space: Constructing Identity and Community at Qumran (Studies on the Texts of the Desert of Judah)
Rwsl awlw, 1:15; wyrbd lwkm dja l[ dw[xl ˆyaw 3:10–11// l. a. yrbd lwkm dja lwkb dw[xl awlw, 1:13–14). The inclusio not just signs the realization of the full introductory a part of the Serek ha-Yahad but in addition hyperlinks the topics of right personality and access into the group. Rhetorically, 2:25–3:12 bargains the reader contrasting types of the self. One, the recalcitrant, he needs to reject, for to embody it ability to be excluded from the neighborhood, because the unclean leper is excluded from the camp. id with the opposite, the submissive self, is hooked up with the advantages of the neighborhood, because the textual content concludes: “Then he'll be authorized via soothing atonement earlier than God, and it'll be for him a covenant of the everlasting neighborhood” (3:11–12; trans. Knibb). seventy one Conway (115) has saw that 2:26b–3:6a is formed by means of a chiastic constitution that encourages an imaginary trip down the trail of dissension and again back. 127 Taken as a complete 1:1–3:12 kinds a rhetorical corresponding to the probationary interval and access into the group of the beginner member. It lays earlier than the reader the needs of the group, instructing a brand new language by which to appreciate what God has commanded. The fateful caliber of access into the covenant and exclusion from it's dramatically enacted. eventually, the reader is given a vocabulary of causes for the formation of the nature precious and correct to the covenant neighborhood. 1QS 3:13–4:26. the 2 Spirits Treatise even if the 2 Spirits Treatise is usually said to be an self reliant composition integrated into the Serek ha-Yahad, its functionality within the textual content is important. A citation from Michel Foucault is helping to demonstrate why: Max Weber posed the query: If one desires to behave rationally and keep watch over one’s activities in keeping with actual rules, what a part of one’s self may still one surrender? what's the ascetic expense of cause? To what types of asceticism may still one put up? I posed the other query: How have yes different types of interdictions required the cost of yes varieties of wisdom approximately oneself? What needs to one learn about oneself on the way to be keen to give up something? seventy two Foucault’s reversal of Weber’s query is provocative. His element isn't really to assert an easy causal courting among disciplinary strength and the production of information in regards to the self a lot as to insist that energy and information are collectively produced. because the previous element of the Serek ha-Yahad made transparent, the neighborhood is preeminently where of self-discipline (rsy, 3:1, 6). The correlative courting among the disciplines of the neighborhood and the information of the self explains the inclusion of the 2 Spirits Treatise within the Serek ha-Yahad. this can be what one must find out about oneself as a way to be keen to undergo the disciplinary strength of the neighborhood. those are the characteristics that the disciplinary strength of the Yahad seeks to reinforce and to lessen, respectively. the 2 Spirits Treatise introduces itself explicitly as a educating approximately anthropology because it relates to personality, “the family tree of all people in accordance with the categories in their spirits” (lwk twdlwt µtwjwr ynym lwkl çya ynb, 3:13–14).