By Ann B. Irish

Eastern humans have lived at the country's different 3 major islands--Honshu, Kyushu, and Shikoku--for many centuries, yet ethnic jap, or Wajin, begun coming to Hokkaido in huge numbers merely within the latter 1/2 the 19th century. This ebook tells the tale of Japan's aboriginal humans, the Ainu, via that of overseas explorers and ethnic eastern pioneers. The booklet will pay shut realization to the Japanese-Russian conflicts over the island, together with chilly struggle confrontations and more moderen clashes over fishing rights and the Hokkaido-administered islands seized via the U.S.S.R. in 1945.

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Four. Ainu — Japan — Hokkaido— background. five. Ainu — Japan — Hokkaido— Social stipulations. 6. Hokkaido (Japan)— monetary stipulations. 7. Japan — international family members— Russia. eight. Russia — overseas kinfolk— Japan. nine. Japan — international family members— Soviet Union. 10. Soviet Union–Foreign kinfolk— Japan. I. identify. DS894. 25. I75 2009 952'. four — dc22 2009028554 British Library cataloguing info can be found ©2009 Ann B. Irish. All rights reserved No a part of this publication could be reproduced or transmitted in any shape or whatsoever, digital or mechanical, together with photocopying or recording, or by way of any details garage and retrieval process, with out permission in writing from the writer. at the disguise: (clockwise from top left) Flag of Hokkaido prefecture; postcards of Ainu family members in entrance of thatched-roof condominium and Ainu males in a undergo rite (Hakodate Municipal Library); satellite tv for pc photo of Hokkaido, 2001 (NASA); view of Odori Park in Sapporo, 2004 (NKNS) synthetic within the country McFarland & corporation, Inc. , Publishers field 611, Jefferson, North Carolina 28640 www. mcfarlandpub. com To Les This web page deliberately left clean Table of Contents 1 Preface half I. changing into Hokkaido 1. where 7 2. The Ainu 23 three. The Matsumae period forty-one four. The Explorers fifty six five. Hakodate eighty four half II. improvement 6. The Pioneers a hundred and fifteen 7. The international specialists 143 eight. Sapporo a hundred and sixty nine. improvement and the Ainu 191 10. The Early 20th Century 216 eleven. battle and career 245 12. Hokkaido and Her Northern Neighbor 264 thirteen. restoration and improvement 290 14. Hokkaido on the earth economic system 307 end 327 333 337 341 343 352 361 Appendix 1. Hokkaido Chronology Appendix 2. Key Figures in Hokkaido background Appendix three. word list bankruptcy Notes Bibliography Index vii This web page deliberately left clean Preface whilst humans ponder Japan, Hokkaido would possibly not often spring to mind. This paintings grew out of my wish to study extra approximately that northernmost island of the country. within the country’s different 3 major islands— Honshu, Kyushu and Shikoku — eastern humans have lived for plenty of centuries, yet ethnic jap, or Wajin, started coming to Hokkaido in huge numbers in simple terms within the latter half the 19th century. one other humans, the Ainu, lengthy populated the island, yet as extra Wajin got here, Ainu numbers fell notably and their lifestyle used to be pressured to alter. figuring out this, i started puzzling over approximately parallels among Hokkaido’s background and the historical past of the North American west, one other frontier land, whose ecu settlers got here at in regards to the similar time in heritage that the Wajin grew to become dominant in Japan’s northern island. hence I searched for a heritage of Hokkaido, in simple terms to benefit that during the English language none it appears existed. i discovered many books on Ainu tradition and never such a lot of works on different points of Hokkaido. With a few looking, even if, it is easy to find more information approximately Hokkaido’s tale in English language articles in journals, magazines and newspapers in addition to websites. Hokkaido’s heritage differs significantly from the overall historical past of Japan.

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