By Johannes Fabian

Johannes Fabian with the help of Kalundi Mango (Administrator, nationwide Museum of Zaire) and with linguistic notes through Walter Schicho (University of Vienna). a unprecedented linguistic and sociopolitical rfile, this can be a heritage of colonization written by way of the colonized, in regards to the colonized, and for the colonized. the unique textual content, a heritage of what's now Lubumbashi within the Shaba sector of Zaire, is reproduced in special facsimile partly 1. The interval lined is from the start of Belgian colonization to 1965. The textual content was once commissioned via an organization of former family servants and written, or compiled, by means of one Andre Yav. The facsimile textual content is via linguistic notes (provided by way of W. Schicho) at the number of Swahili utilized by the writer. partially 2 this extraordinary rfile is two times translated: first, into an oralized' model in present Shaba Swahili and, moment, into English. quite a few historic and linguistic notes make the textual content obtainable to the non-specialist. whereas components 1 and a couple of are of specific curiosity to linguists, half three covers a much broader quarter of highbrow issues. it truly is an essay studying the social stipulations, literary potential and political reasons and value of the heritage. Of curiosity to linguists, historians, sociologists and political scientists.

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Extra resources for History from Below: The "Vocabulary of Elisabethville" by André Yav: Text, Translations and Interpretive Essay (Creole Language Library)

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1] FIRST bankruptcy. approximately recommendations OF KING LEOPOLD II within the 12 months 1885 until eventually THE 12 months 1906. 1. in regards to the information of the Whites arriving within the nation of Africa, within the Congo, in our Congo, and particularly whilst theyarrived between us, little ones of East3 Katanga. Which 12 months was once it? It used to be within the yr 1000 8 hundred and 80 five4 (1885), at the twenty sixth of February. therefore it occurred that Leopold II grew to become the King to manipulate [a kingdom] known as 'state of independence' (Etat Indépendant) at the territory of the Congo. This used to be to be a huge time within the lifetime of the King simply because he used to be in a position to notice his principles and to convey growth and overall healthiness to all of Africa. It used to be to be very tricky paintings and there has been no longer a specific thing he was once frightened of. 2. a lot suffering5 one of the Congolese and the selection to be powerful, even if, weren't sufficient; it additionally took a lot gear to build roads, lay the rails, construct hospitals, construct homes, and to manipulate the rustic, as the state was once mammoth past his mind's eye. together with his eye, and particularly on his maps, King Leopold II might see how mammoth the rustic used to be (Géographie6). And he learned that he needed to purchase apparatus. The King, simply because he had no wrong way, positioned just about all his wealth [into this enterprise]. So the 1st brokers have been despatched out via the King to start to take ownership of our nation, the territory of the Congo. three. First, it used to be trying to find ores, what the ore-bearing soils have been within the Congo. those brokers knew how you can search for ores and [knew] what the orebearing soils have been within the Congo. those brokers knew how to define outfits [? to distribute] and to deliver peace to the rustic of Africa, specifically within the Congo, all over the countryand the territories of the Congo. [The employees] acquired outfits and, afterwards, instruments to paintings with, and their rations. however the King's cash was once no longer sufficient; it was once no longer adequate and it used to be essential to locate different cash. sixty two background From less than four. hivi Mfalume akapashwa kuomba musaada kwa wabeleji/ wema walimusadia kwa kuingia ku inchi mwa Katanga/ kwa sababu ametuma waaskari wake wote: kwa kufukuza kabisa Waarabu ndani ya inchi/ amefanya sociétés mbili: ama: mashirika mbili/ ya kwanza inaitwa: Compagnie du Congo: nia yake ni: biashara: na kazi/ ya pili inaitwa: Compagnie du Katanga/ wakatengeneza: zote mbili pamoja na serkali/ zikatumwa wazungu wengi sana muno ku Katanga/ wakatengeneza inchi ya polini: ya njaa: na ya magonjwa: makali/ munajua majina ya wakubwa wa wale wazungu walikuja mu Katanga? ni haba: wa kwanza: bwana Commandant Paul Le Marinel/ na wa pili: Alexandre Delcommune/ wa tatu: Capitaine Stairs/ wa inne: Lieutenant Bodson/ wa tano: Capitaine Bia/ wa sita: Lieutenant Francqui/ haba ni wazungu wenye kutangulia kufika hapa pa inchi ya Katanga: kwa kuangaria: mushinji wa inchi yetu ya Katanga: na Congo/ five. sasa: tutakumbusha tena mambo ya bwana Union Minière du Haut Katanga/ alitia majina yao ku Centrales zake [2]/ alijenga kandokando ya komponi moja ya wachimbaji mu mukini yaitwa jito Lufira/ na Lualaba/ tunaweza kusema kama: walitumika na nguvu sana kazi yao: na walijitolea kwa umoja wao wote/ 6.

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